Today we will try to give you complete information about India’s Fundamental Rights and Indian Fundamental Duties. Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties It is two different things, fundamental rights are given by India to the citizens of India for spiritual development and in the fundamental duty, every citizen of India has to follow certain rules.
There are total 6 Fundamental Rights in India which are enshrined in Part III (Articles 12 to 35) of the Constitution of India and comprise of 11 Fundamental Duties which are contained in Part IV-A of the Constitution.
Fundamental Rights –
India’s fundamental right before independence was inspired by historical examples such as England’s Bill of Rights (1689), United States Bill of Rights (1787) and France’s manifesto. The Fundamental Rights were developed by the Constituent Assembly of India which held its first meeting of the Constituent Assembly in December 1946 under the temporary chairmanship of Sachchidananda Sinha, after which Rajendra Prasad was made its president.After that various persons were appointed to positions of responsibility for the development of the constitution and national laws, in which Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was made the chairman of the drafting committee and Jawaharlal Nehru and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel were made the chairman of the committees and sub-committees responsible for various subjects.
The final draft was prepared by the Drafting Committee on 26 January 1449, which the Constitution of India.
Fundamental Duties –
There is no mention of fundamental duty in the Constitutional Draft dated 26 January 1449,Fundamental duties were later added to the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment in 1976.
6 Fundamental Rights of India
1) Right to Equality
2) Right to Freedom
3) Right against Exploitation
4) Right to Freedom of Religion
5) Cultural and Educational Right
6) Right to Constitutional Remedies
11 Fundamental Duties for Indian Citizen
(1) It will be the duty of every citizen to follow the Constitution and respect its ideals, institutions, national flag and national anthem.
(2) Keep in mind the high ideals that inspire our national movement for freedom and follow them.
(3) Protect India’s sovereignty, unity and integrity and keep it intact.
(4) Protect the country.
(5) To create a sense of harmony and equal brotherhood among all the people of India.
(6) Understand the importance of the glorious tradition of our social culture and build it.
(7) To protect and promote the natural environment.
(8) To develop scientific outlook and sense of learning.
(9) Protect public property.
(10) In every field of individual and collective activities, make a continuous effort to move towards Utkarsh.
(11) To provide primary education to 6 to 14 year old children by parents or guardians.
Difference between Fundamental rights and fundamental duties
|Fundamental Rights||Fundamental Duties|
|Fundamental rights are related to Article 12-35 of the Constitution of India.||The fundamental duties are related to Article 51-A contained in Part IV A of the Constitution of India.|
|Fundamental Rights||Fundamental Duties|
|Fundamental rights are not absolute because they can be controlled, so that citizens can develop.||Fundamental duties are absolute in nature, it is the duty of the citizen to follow the rules.|
|Fundamental rights can be enforced through Supreme Court and High Courts.||Fundamental duties cannot be enforced through the courts.|
|Fundamental rights are subject to the basic structure, it is necessary to abide by them.||Fundamental duties are completely obnoxious|
|Fundamental rights are political and social character.||The fundamental duties are in political, social and economic character.|
Fundamental Rights Benefits
1. The Constitution of India gives fundamental rights to all citizens of India.
2. Fundamental rights are empowered citizens.
3. Fundamental Rights gives every citizen the right to equality.
4. Fundamental rights increase the dignity of the people.
Fundamental Duties Advantages
- Fundamental duty teaches every Indian citizen to follow discipline.
- Following the law makes citizens stronger.
- Fundamental duties tell us what to do and what not to do.
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